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John Milne Baxter Esquire

One of George Armitstead's colleagues, John Milne Baxter was a merchant in his own right and a Glasite, who gave a substantial subscription to the Albert Institute.

Subscription value in 1865:

£50

Relative to inflation up to 2018:

£5000

Relative to income compared to 2018:

£40000

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Personal details and history

Full name

John Milne Baxter

Date of birth

30-06-1822[1] (baptised 14-08-1822)[2]

Place of birth

Dundee[1]

Gender

Male

Marital status

Married 05-06-1844[3]

Name of spouse

Margaret Christie Todd[3]

Children

Thomas William, 1848;[4] George Handyside, 1850;[5] Ellen, 1851;[6] Richard, 1853;[7] Colin, 1855;[8] Allan, 1857;[9] Lucy, 1859;[10] Mary, 1861;[11] Stephen Leighton, 1862;[12] Margaret Todd, 1864;[13] John Crichton Milne, 1864[14]

Home address

81 Bucklemaker Wynd, Dundee, c.1850-1854[15]
Meadow Place, Dundee, c.1856-1862[16]
Sydney Place, 6 Laurel Bank, Dundee, c.1864-1868[17]
Sydney Place, 11 Laurel Bank, Dundee, c'1869-1870[18]
Eden Lodge, 72 Ferry Road, Dundee, c.1871-1876[19]

Age at death:

53 years

Place of death:

Dundee

Date of death:

03-02-1876[20]

Buried:

Eastern Cemetery[21]

Affiliations, clubs, offices and related subscribers

Religious affiliation

Glasite[22]

Political affiliation

Unknown

Clubs / societies

Patron, Mrs Margaret Petrie or Moncur's Bequest, 1864-1876:[23] Minister of Glasite Church:[24]

Public offices

None

Related subscribers

Subscriber no.    4 – George Armitstead – Baxter worked for George Armitstead and Co and also co-owned ships with Armitstead.

Subscriber no.156 – T. Weston Miln – Baxter worked as a clerk in his firm, which was taken over by George Armitstead on Miln’s retirement.

 

Career and worklife

Occupation

Flax Merchant[25] and shipowner[26]

Employment

Employee and owner

Place of work

Messrs G. Armistead & Co[27]

Work address

T.W. Miln's office, Panmure Street, Dundee, 1850[28]
George Armitstead & Co, Panmure Street, Dundee, 1853-1875[29]

Career to date:

John Milne Baxter was the son of George Handyside Baxter, manufacturer,[30] and Janet Milne. He married Margaret Christie Todd in 1844 and they had at least eleven children between 1848 and 1866. In 1850 John was recorded as being a clerk in the office of T. W. Miln in Panmure Street, Dundee, although by this stage the firm may already have come under the control of George Armitstead.[31] In the 1851 census he is described as clerk to a commission agent.[32] He was living in Bucklemaker Wynd with his wife, two sons, his wife's brother (a seventeen year old ironmonger's apprentice), and one servant. Miln's business was taken over by George Armitstead[33] and Baxter continued as a clerk for his new employer.[34] He soon rose to occupy the position of accountant and book-keeper[35] and after 1861 was described as a merchant.[36] He co-owned Dundee registered ships with George Armitstead and others, including Khankai, Akindo and Ousuri.[26] This suggests that he was much more than just an employee. In religion John was a Glasite, also known as Sandemanian, names derived from the early followers of John Glas, the deposed minister of Tealing in the 1730s. It would appear that John was following in his father's footsteps, as, in a list of Glasites in Dundee, George H. Baxter is one of the elders and John M. Baxter one of the deacons in 1855.[37] In 1861 the Baxters were living in the more salubrious surroundings of Meadow Place with eight children and three servants.[38] His contribution of £50 to the Albert Institute Ltd suggests that he was in comfortable circumstances.

More information

John Milne Baxter’s last child, John Crichton Milne Baxter, only lived for four months,[39] but it would appear his other children all survived childhood. In the 1871 census John Milne Baxter was described as being a “Minister of the Glassite Church and Baltic Merchant.”[24] (The directory entries for the Glasites refer to unspecified “various ministers”). That he was a prominent member of the church is not in doubt. In 1873 he is an elder and the main speaker at the ceremony at which David James Blaikley became an elder.[40]

The family were now living at Eden Lodge, 72 Ferry Road, Dundee. Nine of his ten surviving children shared the parental home and Mrs Baxter’s seventy-four year old father was also resident, along with three servants.[41] The one son not resident in 1871, Richard, was the informant to the registrar of the death of his father on 3 February 1876.[20] He must have been held in high regard by his fellow Glasites, as poems in his memory are preserved among the records of the sect.[42]

On his death in 1876 the value of his estate was £18,810 12s. 2d., with a later eik to the confirmation adding a further £146 10s.[43] His executors were his brother, Crichton Milne, Baxter, manufacturer; Charles Ross Baxter, wholesale grocer, his cousin; Walter Baxter, solicitor, his son-in-law and Charles Philip, calenderer, all of Dundee.[44]

Sources

  1. Old Parish Record. Dundee. Birth. 30 June 1822. Ancestry website.
  2. Old Parish Record. Dundee. Baptism. 14 August 1822. 282/150 123. Scotlands People website.
  3. Old Parish Record. Dundee. Marriage. FHL Film No. 993404. Ancestry website.
  4. Statutory Record. Dundee. 9 December 1848. FHL Film no. 0993405, 0993408, 993403, 994308. Ancestry website.
  5. Statutory Record. Dundee. 26 April 1850. FHL Film no. 0993405, 0993408, 993403, 994308. Ancestry website.
  6. Statutory Record. Dundee. 16 December 1851. FHL Film no. 0993405, 0993408, 993403, 994308. Ancestry website.
  7. Statutory Record. Dundee. 30 October 1853. FHL Film no. 0993405, 0993408, 993403, 994308. Ancestry website.
  8. Statutory Record. Dundee. 4 October 1855. FHL Film no. 6035516. Ancestry website.
  9. Statutory Record. Dundee. 4 September 1857. FHL Film no. 6035516. Ancestry website.
  10. Statutory Record. Dundee. 26 July 1859. FHL Film no. 6035516. Ancestry website.
  11. Statutory Record. Dundee. 12 February 1861. FHL Film no. 6035516. Ancestry website.
  12. Statutory Record. Dundee. 24 September 1862. FHL Film no. 6035516. Ancestry website.
  13. Statutory Record. Dundee. 17 June 1864. FHL Film no. 6035516. Ancestry website.
  14. Statutory Record. Dundee. 19 January 1866. FHL Film no. 6035516. Ancestry website.
  15. Dundee Directories, 1850-1854. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee and 1851 Census Scotland. Dundee. 282 ED63 p.23. Ancestry website.
  16. Dundee Directories, 1856-1862. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee and 1861 Census Scotland. Dundee 1st District. 282/1 ED16 p.42. Ancestry website.
  17. Dundee Directories, 1864-1868. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  18. Dundee Directory, 1869-70. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  19. Dundee Directories, 1871-1875. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  20. Statutory Records. St Andrews, Dundee. Death. 3 February 1876. 282/4 86. Scotlands People website.
  21. Member's photograph. Ancestry website.
  22. 1871 Census Scotland. St Andrews, Dundee. 282/4 30. Scotlands People website.
  23. Dundee Directories, 1864-1875. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  24. 1871 Census Scotland. Dundee St Andrew. 282/4 30. Scotlands People website.
  25. 1861 Census Scotland. Dundee 1st District. 282/1 ED16 p.42. Ancestry website.
  26. Shipping Register, Dundee. 1853-1863. CE70-11-11. Dundee City Archives.
  27. Dundee Advertiser, 23 December 1863. British Newspaper Archive website.
  28. Dundee Directory, 1850. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  29. Dundee Directories, 1853-1875. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  30. Burial Records. Western Cemetery Index. 1859. Register No. 561, compartment 6, Lairs 40 a,b & c. Friends of Dundee City Archives website.
  31. Leng, John & Co. (1916) Dundee Year Book, 1915 - Death of Lord Armitstead. Dundee: John Leng  Co. p.71. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  32. 1851 Census Scotland. Dundee. 282 ED63 p.23. Ancestry website.
  33. Leng, John, & Co. (1916) Dundee Year Book, 1915 - Death of Lord Armitstead. Dundee: John Leng & Co. p.71. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  34. Dundee Directory, 1853-54. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  35. Dundee Directories, 1856-1859. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  36. Dundee Directories, 1861-1875. Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee.
  37. Church Records. List of Glasites in Dundee, September 1855. AccM469 (MS9) Box 5 Item 4 (loose sheet at p.118). University of Dundee Archive Services.
  38. 1861 Census Scotland. Dundee 1st District. 282/1 ED16 p.42. Ancestry website.
  39. Photograph of John Milne Baxter Headstone. John Crichton Milne Baxter died 10 June 1866; Colin Baxter, died Fort Elizabeth, South Africa, aged 25; Margaret Christie Todd died 18 March 1897 aged 76. Ancestry website.
  40. Church Records. Account of the Proceedings when David James Blaikley was set apart to the Elder's Office, July 24th 1873. MS9 Bundle 22 Packet 11 Item 1. University of Dundee Archive Services.
  41. 1871 Census Scotland. Dundee St Andrew. 282/4 30. Scotlands People website.
  42. Church Records. In Memoriam of John M. Baxter, 3 February 1876. MS9 Bundle 38 Item 29. University of Dundee Archive Services.
  43. Testamentary Records. Calendar of Confirmations and Inventories. 1876. Local & Family History, A K Bell Library, Perth.
  44. Testamentary Records. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations). 1876. Ancestry website.

Credits

Many thanks to the ever helpful staffs of Local Studies, Central Library, Dundee; Dundee City Archives; University of Dundee Archive Services; Perth & Kinross Archives and Local & Family History, A K Bell Library, Perth.

The information above about John Milne Baxter has been collated from a range of digital and hard copy sources. To the best of our knowledge it is correct but if you are relying on any information from our website for the purpose of your own research we would advise you to follow up the sources to your own satisfaction. If you are aware of an inaccuracy in our text please do not hesitate to notify us through our Contact page.